Change language Verloop van HIVProgress of HIV

1: Infection with HIV

HIV is an infectious disease. This means that you can get HIV from someone who is carrying the virus inside him. HIV is transmitted during sex if the mucous membranes of your penis or your anus come into contact with sperm, blood, anal secretions and/or precum (preseminal fluid) that contain HIV. Do you have tiny sores inside your mouth or a sore throat? In that case you will run a greater risk of getting HIV if you get sperm in your mouth.

2: HIV uses your CD4 cells to replicate itself

After the initial infection, HIV penetrates white blood cells of a certain type: the CD4 cells. These cells are essential for your immune system's response to normal infections. The first couple of weeks after infection you normally won't notice that HIV is already establishing itself in your body. If symptoms do become noticeable, that will normally happen between two and eight weeks after you were infected with HIV. The symptoms resemble those of the flu.

HIV can replicate itself very effectively in CD4 cells. After replication, the new HIV viruses leave the CD4 cells to enter the bloodstream in search of other CD4 cells that they can use to replicate themselves further.

3: Once they have been used to replicate HIV, the individual CD4 cells die off

After having replicated HIV, a CD4 cell will explode and die. As a result, the number of CD4 cells in your body will decrease over time. But your body needs CD4 cells in order to defend itself against all kinds of other infections.

4: As the number of CD4 cells decreases, you start to get symptoms

Initially your body is able to replenish CD4 cells for quite some time. But at a certain point it will become unable to do that. It can take anywhere from a few months to a few years to reach that point. From then on, the number of CD4 cells in your body will decrease. Your immunity to a variety of infections will weaken.

Health and Social Support Services for Sex Workers in Europe

www.services4sexworkers.eu is a website that presents a directory of services available for sex workers in 25 European countries, and legal information regarding sex work, migration and access to health.

An European network of 26 organisations in 25 EU countries, which works with and for sex workers since 1993, and advocates for sex workers' rights.

www.services4sexworkers.eu informs sex workers, health and social workers about respectful and non-discriminatory support available across Europe.


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